Pronouns an Noun modifiers
There are three seperate demonstrative pronouns in Japanese these ara Kore, Sore and Are. Kore indicates someting near the speaker, Sore something near the listener and are something not near either person.
Ex. You are in a classroom and in front of you, you have a key. Next you sits Tamaki and he has a book in front of him and across you two next to the door stands a umbrella.
You as the speaker point out that there is a key in front of you.
Ex. Kore wa kagi desu. "This is a key"
How you point out the book in front of Tamaki is like this.
Ex. Sore wa hon desu. "That is a book."
And the umbrella which is not near both of you is pointed out like this;
Ex. Are wa kasa desu. "That over there is a umbrella."
Kono, Sono and Ano. Thes have similar meanings to kore, sore and are, but they modifiy nouns.
Ex. Kono kagi wa watashi no desu. "This key is mine."
nan-ji: what time
onna no hito: woman
onna: female, woman
gogo: p.m, in the afternoon
gozen: a.m., in the morning
han: half past(of time)
doo itashimashite: you're welcome, don't mention it.
depaato: department store
yuubinkyoku: post office
yuubin: mail, post
kyoku: office, bureau
shigoto: work, job
yasumi: break, rest
eiga-kan: movie theater
soo desu ka: i see, is that so?
ima can also be used to indicate what the time right now is?
ex. ima roku-ji desu.
It's(right now) 5:00.
1:00 = ichi-ji
2:00 = ni-ji
3:00 = san-ji
4:00 = yo-ji
5:00 = go-ji
6:00 = roku-ji
7:00 = shichi-ji
8:00 = hachi-ji
9:00 = kuu-ji
3:05 = san-ji go-fun......................3:10 = san-ji juppun
4:15 = yo-ji juugo-fun...................4:20 = yo-ji nijuppun
5:25 = go-ji nijuugo-fun................5:30 = go-ji sanjuppun/go-ji han
6:35 = roku-ji sanjuugo-fun..........6:40 = roku-ji yonjuppun
7:45 = shichi-ji yonjuugo-fun........7:50 = shichi-ji gojuppun
8:55 = hachi-ji gojuugo-fun
4:00 a.m. = gozen yo-ji
9:00 p.m. = gogo ku-ji
You're in Japan and you go to a bank, but it isn't open yet. Here is an example of a dialogue about when the bank opens.
Anata: Sumimasen, ima nan-ji desu ka.
Onna no hito: Hachi-ji gojuppun desu.
Anata: Ginkoo wa nan-ji kara desu ka.
Onna no hito: Kuu-ji kara desu.
Anata: Nan-ji made desu ka.
Onna no hito: Gogo roku-ji made desu.
Anata: arigatoo gozaimasu.
Onna no hito: Doo itashimashite.
Ginkoo wa kuu-ji kara roku-ji made desu.
You: Excuse me. What time is it?
Woman: it's 8:50.
You: What time does the bank open.
Woman: It opens at 9:00.
You: Until what time is it open?
Woman: I'ts open till 6:00 p.m.
You: Thank you.
Woman: You're welcome.
The bank is open from 9:00 to 6:00
Well as you can see this lesson was all about numbers.Good luck with remembering them.